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  • 1. Lembrechts, Jonas J.
    et al.
    Aalto, Juha
    Ashcroft, Michael B.
    De Frenne, Pieter
    Kopecky, Martin
    Lenoir, Jonathan
    Luoto, Miska
    Maclean, Ilya M. D.
    Roupsard, Olivier
    Fuentes-Lillo, Eduardo
    Garcia, Rafael A.
    Pellissier, Loic
    Pitteloud, Camille
    Alatalo, Juha M.
    Smith, Stuart W.
    Bjork, Robert G.
    Muffler, Lena
    Backes, Amanda Ratier
    Cesarz, Simone
    Gottschall, Felix
    Okello, Joseph
    Urban, Josef
    Plichta, Roman
    Svatek, Martin
    Phartyal, Shyam S.
    Wipf, Sonja
    Eisenhauer, Nico
    Puscas, Mihai
    Turtureanu, Pavel D.
    Varlagin, Andrej
    Dimarco, Romina D.
    Jump, Alistair S.
    Randall, Krystal
    Dorrepaal, Ellen
    Umeå universitet, Institutionen för ekologi, miljö och geovetenskap.
    Larson, Keith
    Umeå universitet, Institutionen för ekologi, miljö och geovetenskap.
    Walz, Josefine
    Umeå universitet, Institutionen för ekologi, miljö och geovetenskap.
    Vitale, Luca
    Svoboda, Miroslav
    Higgens, Rebecca Finger
    Halbritter, H.
    Curasi, Salvatore R.
    Klupar, Ian
    Koontz, Austin
    Pearse, William D.
    Simpson, Elizabeth
    Stemkovski, Michael
    Graae, Bente Jessen
    Sorensen, Mia Vedel
    Hoye, Toke T.
    Fernandez Calzado, M. Rosa
    Lorite, Juan
    Carbognani, Michele
    Tomaselli, Marcello
    Forte, T'ai G. W.
    Petraglia, Alessandro
    Haesen, Stef
    Somers, Ben
    Van Meerbeek, Koenraad
    Bjorkman, Mats P.
    Hylander, Kristoffer
    Merinero, Sonia
    Gharun, Mana
    Buchmann, Nina
    Dolezal, Jiri
    Matula, Radim
    Thomas, Andrew D.
    Bailey, Joseph J.
    Ghosn, Dany
    Kazakis, George
    de Pablo, Miguel A.
    Kemppinen, Julia
    Niittynen, Pekka
    Rew, Lisa
    Seipel, Tim
    Larson, Christian
    Speed, James D. M.
    Ardo, Jonas
    Cannone, Nicoletta
    Guglielmin, Mauro
    Malfasi, Francesco
    Bader, Maaike Y.
    Canessa, Rafaella
    Stanisci, Angela
    Kreyling, Juergen
    Schmeddes, Jonas
    Teuber, Laurenz
    Aschero, Valeria
    Ciliak, Marek
    Malis, Frantisek
    De Smedt, Pallieter
    Govaert, Sanne
    Meeussen, Camille
    Vangansbeke, Pieter
    Gigauri, Khatuna
    Lamprecht, Andrea
    Pauli, Harald
    Steinbauer, Klaus
    Winkler, Manuela
    Ueyama, Masahito
    Nunez, Martin A.
    Ursu, Tudor-Mihai
    Haider, Sylvia
    Wedegartner, Ronja E. M.
    Smiljanic, Marko
    Trouillier, Mario
    Wilmking, Martin
    Altman, Jan
    Bruna, Josef
    Hederova, Lucia
    Macek, Martin
    Man, Matej
    Wild, Jan
    Vittoz, Pascal
    Partel, Meelis
    Barancok, Peter
    Kanka, Robert
    Kollar, Jozef
    Palaj, Andrej
    Barros, Agustina
    Mazzolari, Ana C.
    Bauters, Marijn
    Boeckx, Pascal
    Benito Alonso, Jose-Luis
    Zong, Shengwei
    Di Cecco, Valter
    Sitkova, Zuzana
    Tielboerger, Katja
    van den Brink, Liesbeth
    Weigel, Robert
    Homeier, Juergen
    Dahlberg, C. Johan
    Medinets, Sergiy
    Medinets, Volodymyr
    De Boeck, Hans J.
    Portillo-Estrada, Miguel
    Verryckt, Lore T.
    Milbau, Ann
    Daskalova, Gergana N.
    Thomas, Haydn J. D.
    Myers-Smith, Isla H.
    Blonder, Benjamin
    Stephan, Jorg G.
    Descombes, Patrice
    Zellweger, Florian
    Frei, Esther R.
    Heinesch, Bernard
    Andrews, Christopher
    Dick, Jan
    Siebicke, Lukas
    Rocha, Adrian
    Senior, Rebecca A.
    Rixen, Christian
    Jimenez, Juan J.
    Boike, Julia
    Pauchard, Anibal
    Scholten, Thomas
    Scheffers, Brett
    Klinges, David
    Basham, Edmund W.
    Zhang, Jian
    Zhang, Zhaochen
    Geron, Charly
    Fazlioglu, Fatih
    Candan, Onur
    Sallo Bravo, Jhonatan
    Hrbacek, Filip
    Laska, Kamil
    Cremonese, Edoardo
    Haase, Peter
    Moyano, Fernando E.
    Rossi, Christian
    Nijs, Ivan
    SoilTemp: A global database of near-surface temperature2020In: Global Change Biology, ISSN 1354-1013, E-ISSN 1365-2486, Vol. 26, no 11, p. 6616-6629Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Current analyses and predictions of spatially explicit patterns and processes in ecology most often rely on climate data interpolated from standardized weather stations. This interpolated climate data represents long‐term average thermal conditions at coarse spatial resolutions only. Hence, many climate‐forcing factors that operate at fine spatiotemporal resolutions are overlooked. This is particularly important in relation to effects of observation height (e.g. vegetation, snow and soil characteristics) and in habitats varying in their exposure to radiation, moisture and wind (e.g. topography, radiative forcing or cold‐air pooling). Since organisms living close to the ground relate more strongly to these microclimatic conditions than to free‐air temperatures, microclimatic ground and near‐surface data are needed to provide realistic forecasts of the fate of such organisms under anthropogenic climate change, as well as of the functioning of the ecosystems they live in. To fill this critical gap, we highlight a call for temperature time series submissions to SoilTemp, a geospatial database initiative compiling soil and near‐surface temperature data from all over the world. Currently, this database contains time series from 7,538 temperature sensors from 51 countries across all key biomes. The database will pave the way toward an improved global understanding of microclimate and bridge the gap between the available climate data and the climate at fine spatiotemporal resolutions relevant to most organisms and ecosystem processes.

  • 2.
    Monteux, Sylvain
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Institutionen för ekologi, miljö och geovetenskap.
    Keuper, Frida
    Umeå universitet, Institutionen för ekologi, miljö och geovetenskap.
    Fontaine, Sebastien
    Gavazov, Konstantin
    Umeå universitet, Institutionen för ekologi, miljö och geovetenskap.
    Hallin, Sara
    Juhanson, Jaanis
    Krab, Eveline J
    Umeå universitet, Institutionen för ekologi, miljö och geovetenskap.
    Revaillot, Sandrine
    Verbruggen, Erik
    Walz, Josefine
    Umeå universitet, Institutionen för ekologi, miljö och geovetenskap.
    Weedon, James T.
    Dorrepaal, Ellen
    Umeå universitet, Institutionen för ekologi, miljö och geovetenskap.
    Carbon and nitrogen cycling in Yedoma permafrost controlled by microbial functional limitations2020In: Nature Geoscience, ISSN 1752-0894, E-ISSN 1752-0908, Vol. 13, no 12, p. 794-798Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Warming-induced microbial decomposition of organic matter in permafrost soils constitutes a climate-change feedback of uncertain magnitude. While physicochemical constraints on soil functioning are relatively well understood, the constraints attributable to microbial community composition remain unclear. Here we show that biogeochemical processes in permafrost can be impaired by missing functions in the microbial community-functional limitations-probably due to environmental filtering of the microbial community over millennia-long freezing. We inoculated Yedoma permafrost with a functionally diverse exogenous microbial community to test this mechanism by introducing potentially missing microbial functions. This initiated nitrification activity and increased CO2 production by 38% over 161 days. The changes in soil functioning were strongly associated with an altered microbial community composition, rather than with changes in soil chemistry or microbial biomass. The present permafrost microbial community composition thus constrains carbon and nitrogen biogeochemical processes, but microbial colonization, likely to occur upon permafrost thaw in situ, can alleviate such functional limitations. Accounting for functional limitations and their alleviation could strongly increase our estimate of the vulnerability of permafrost soil organic matter to decomposition and the resulting global climate feedback. Carbon dioxide emissions from permafrost thaw are substantially enhanced by relieving microbial functional limitations, according to incubation experiments on Yedoma permafrost.

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