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  • 1.
    Tjernström, Michael
    et al.
    Stockholm Univ, Dept Meteorol, S-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.;Stockholm Univ, Bolin Ctr Climate Res, S-10691 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Shupe, Matthew D.
    Univ Colorado, Cooperat Inst Res Environm Sci, Boulder, CO 80309 USA.;NOAA, Earth Syst Res Lab, Boulder, CO USA..
    Brooks, Ian M.
    Univ Leeds, Sch Earth & Environm, Leeds, W Yorkshire, England..
    Persson, P. Ola G.
    Univ Colorado, Cooperat Inst Res Environm Sci, Boulder, CO 80309 USA.;NOAA, Earth Syst Res Lab, Boulder, CO USA..
    Prytherch, John
    Univ Leeds, Sch Earth & Environm, Leeds, W Yorkshire, England..
    Salisbury, Dominic J.
    Univ Leeds, Sch Earth & Environm, Leeds, W Yorkshire, England..
    Sedlar, Joseph
    Stockholm Univ, Dept Meteorol, S-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.;Stockholm Univ, Bolin Ctr Climate Res, S-10691 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Achtert, Peggy
    Univ Leeds, Sch Earth & Environm, Leeds, W Yorkshire, England..
    Brooks, Barbara J.
    Univ Leeds, Natl Ctr Atmospher Sci, Leeds, W Yorkshire, England..
    Johnston, Paul E.
    Univ Colorado, Cooperat Inst Res Environm Sci, Boulder, CO 80309 USA.;NOAA, Earth Syst Res Lab, Boulder, CO USA..
    Sotiropoulou, Georgia
    Stockholm Univ, Dept Meteorol, S-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.;Stockholm Univ, Bolin Ctr Climate Res, S-10691 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Wolfe, Dan
    Univ Colorado, Cooperat Inst Res Environm Sci, Boulder, CO 80309 USA.;NOAA, Earth Syst Res Lab, Boulder, CO USA..
    Warm-air advection, air mass transformation and fog causes rapid ice melt2015In: Geophysical Research Letters, ISSN 0094-8276, E-ISSN 1944-8007, Vol. 42, no 13, p. 5594-5602Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Direct observations during intense warm-air advection over the East Siberian Sea reveal a period of rapid sea-ice melt. A semistationary, high-pressure system north of the Bering Strait forced northward advection of warm, moist air from the continent. Air-mass transformation over melting sea ice formed a strong, surface-based temperature inversion in which dense fog formed. This induced a positive net longwave radiation at the surface while reducing net solar radiation only marginally; the inversion also resulted in downward turbulent heat flux. The sum of these processes enhanced the surface energy flux by an average of similar to 15Wm(-2) for a week. Satellite images before and after the episode show sea-ice concentrations decreasing from > 90% to similar to 50% over a large area affected by the air-mass transformation. We argue that this rapid melt was triggered by the increased heat flux from the atmosphere due to the warm-air advection.

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