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  • 1.
    Avango, Dag
    KTH, Industriell ekonomi och organisation.
    Industriminnesforskning på Svalbard: tolkningar av kulturlandskapet vid Sveagruvan2004In: Arktisk gruvdrift II. Teknik, vetenskap och historia i norr / [ed] Jernkontoret, Bergshistoriska utskottet, Stockholm: Jernkontoret, Bergshistoriska utskottet , 2004, p. 1-22Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 2.
    Avango, Dag
    KTH, Teknik- och vetenskapshistoria (bytt namn 20120201).
    Sveagruvan: svensk gruvhantering mellan industri, diplomati och geovetenskap 1910-19342005Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to analyse the development of a mining industry in Spitsbergen and its relationship to Swedish scientific polar research. The empirical focus is the history of Swedish coal mining on Spitsbergen between 1910 and 1934 and the mining activities at Sveagruvan 1917-1925. The aim of the thesis is to explain why this coal-mining project was started, why it was developed and why it was terminated. It critically examines a linear model that has been used to explain the development of this mining project, i.e. the idea that scientific research leads on to technological development and industrial activities in a linear sequence.

    A theoretical and methodological framework called Actor Network Theory (ANT) is used to describe and analyse the Swedish coal-mining project. In the construction of an actor network human as well as non-human actors are involved, shaping the project and influencing its results. If an industrial project shall be successful, the project leadership must maintain control over both the local and global parts of the network and maintain a flow of resources between them.

    The actors that initiated the Swedish coal-mining project on Spitsbergen in 1910 wanted it to fulfil both economic and political needs. Investors from the iron- and steel industry wanted Swedish coal for the production of coke for blast furnaces. At the same time the Swedish government wanted to stop Norwegian attempts to take control over Spitsbergen – at the time a no-mans land. By opening up Swedish coalfields on Spitsbergen, Sweden would strengthen its position in future international negotiations on the legal status of this Arctic Archipelago.

    Over time, the motives for the project were changed. This was a result of shifting economic and political priorities. The quality of the coal resources was not suitable for coke production, but good enough for steam production. There was also a shift in focus from foreign policy to the politics of energy after the Svalbard treaty was signed in 1920.

    With the use of the theoretical model of the thesis, an attempt is made to prove that the project failed for three main reasons. First, the actors financing the project did not deliver the necessary resources to maintain the industrial activities. Second, the Swedish coalmine Sveagruvan did not deliver enough resources to maintain the support of the politicians and the private investors. Third, the project managers failed to maintain their control over the project.

    In the thesis it is shown that the linear model can be questioned, in this case with regard to the idea that the coal-mining project was a product of Swedish polar science. No doubt the input of geo-scientific knowledge from Swedish polar scientists was important, but so were other forms of knowledge and other actors. The linear model was a useful instrument, however, in the construction of history – a history valuable as a tool to enrol investors and to defeat political enemies. In the last-mentioned sense, the model was used to create a prestigious Swedish history of Spitsbergen – a history that gave Swedish citizens credit for the industrial development of the Arctic Archipelago.

  • 3.
    Avango, Dag
    KTH, Teknik- och vetenskapshistoria (bytt namn 20120201).
    Vägen till Braganzavågen2004In: Artefakter: Industrin, vetenskapen och de tekniska nätverken / [ed] Sven Widmalm, Hedemora: Gidlunds förlag , 2004, p. 27-60Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 4.
    Avango, Dag
    et al.
    KTH, Teknik- och vetenskapshistoria (bytt namn 20120201).
    Hacquebord, Louwrens
    Arctic Centre, University of Groningen, The Netherlands.
    The history and heritage of natural resource exploitation in the Arctic and Antarctic: the LASHIPA project2008In: Patrimoine de l'industrie, Vol. 19, p. 7-16Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 5.
    Avango, Dag
    et al.
    KTH, Teknik- och vetenskapshistoria (bytt namn 20120201).
    Houltz, Anders
    KTH, Teknik- och vetenskapshistoria (bytt namn 20120201).
    Arbetets hjältar?: Skildringar av liv och arbete i Arktis under tidigt 1900-tal2008In: Arbete pågår: i tankens mönster och kroppens miljöer / [ed] Anders Houltz, Brita Lundström, Lars Magnusson, Mats Morell, Marie Nisser och Eva Silven, Uppsala: Uppsala Universitet , 2008, p. 37-88Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 6.
    Avango, Dag
    et al.
    KTH, Historiska studier av teknik, vetenskap och miljö.
    Högselius, Per
    KTH, Teknik- och vetenskapshistoria (bytt namn 20120201).
    Under the Ice: Exploring the Arctic’s Energy Resources, 1898-19852013In: Media and the Politics of Arctic Climate Change: When the Ice Breaks / [ed] Miyase Christensen, Annika E. Nilsson and Nina Wormbs, Basingstoke and New York: Palgrave Macmillan , 2013, p. 128-155Chapter in book (Refereed)
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