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Cardiovascular control in Antarctic Notothenioid fishes
Responsible organisation
1997 (English)In: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology A, ISSN 1095-6433, E-ISSN 1531-4332, Vol. 118, no 4, 1001-1008 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
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Text
Abstract [en]

The temperatures in the polar oceans are not only low, but also relatively stable. Blood becomes more viscous at cold temperatures and it is assumed that this increase of viscosity is responsible for a number of adaptations of the cardiovascular system. The Antarctic Nototheniids show large changes in haematocrit compared to other fishes, and this phenomenon may be related to the high viscosity of their blood at low temperatures. Reduction of the haematocrit will reduce the viscosity, and thus diminish cardiac work. Indeed, one group (the “icefish,” Channichthydae) has disposed of erythrocytes altogether. The cholinergic tonus on the heart is remarkably high under “resting” conditions-up to 80% in the bottom-dwelling Trematomus bernacchii- and changes in cardiac performance appear to depend chiefly on modulation of this tonus, rather than activity in excitatory (adrenergic) fibres. Sequestering of erythrocytes by the spleen is a major factor in the reduction of haematocrit, and cholinergic autonomic nerves control release of these cells to increase haematocrit during periods of demand. Thus, the studies of the autonomic control of the heart and spleen of the Antarctic fish show that these are unusual among fishes in that both organs appear more or less solely cholinergically controlled. (C) 1997 Elsevier Science Inc.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1997. Vol. 118, no 4, 1001-1008 p.
Keyword [en]
Antarctic fish; cardiovascular control; heart; spleen; gills; autonomic innervation; hematocrit
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:polar:diva-2888DOI: 10.1016/S0300-9629(97)86789-8OAI: oai:DiVA.org:polar-2888DiVA: diva2:954493
Note

Symposium on Comparative Physiology of the L-Arginine-Nitric Oxide Pathway, at the 4th International Congress of Comparative Physiology and Biochemistry, BIRMINGHAM, ENGLAND, 1995

Available from: 2016-08-22 Created: 2016-08-22 Last updated: 2016-08-22

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
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  • Other locale
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