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Lead sources to the Amundsen Sea, West Antarctica
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2016 (English)In: Environmental Science and Technology, ISSN 0013-936X, E-ISSN 1520-5851Article in journal (Refereed) Published
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Abstract [en]

The global prevalence of industrial lead (Pb) contamination was exemplified decades ago by the predominance of anthropogenic Pb in samples of Antarctic surface ice and in Southern Ocean surface waters. Decreases in environmental Pb contamination corresponding with the near global phase-out of leaded automobile gasoline beginning in the 1970s have since been observed. Measurements of Pb concentration in snow and ice core samples from Antarctica show that recent fluxes of industrial Pb to Antarctica have similarly declined. Here, we present measurements of Pb concentrations and isotopic compositions in seawater and surface sediments from the Amundsen Sea continental shelf including the Amundsen Sea Polynya. Both sets of measurements show that most (~60 - 95%) of the Pb at our sites, at the time of sampling, is natural in source: that is, derived from the weathering of Antarctic continental rocks. These fluxes of natural Pb then become entrained into polynya waters either from sediment re-suspension or from the transport of sediment-laden glacial melt waters to the polynya.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016.
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Natural Sciences
Research subject
SWEDARP 2010/11, Oden Southern Ocean 2010/11
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URN: urn:nbn:se:polar:diva-2647DOI: 10.1021/acs.est.5b05151OAI: oai:DiVA.org:polar-2647DiVA: diva2:903814
Available from: 2016-02-17 Created: 2016-02-17 Last updated: 2016-11-11

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Publisher's full texthttp://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.5b05151
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