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Crustal structure and tectonic model of northeastern Baltica, based on deep seismic and potential field data
VV Fedinsky Ctr GEON, Moscow 123154, Russia..
FGUP Spetsgeofiz, Povarovka, Solnechnogorsky, Russia..
VV Fedinsky Ctr GEON, Moscow 123154, Russia..
Uppsala Univ, SE-75236 Uppsala, Sweden..
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2006 (English)In: EUROPEAN LITHOSPHERE DYNAMICS, 2006, 521-539 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The Early-Mid-Palaeozoic successions of the Pechora Basin along continent Baltica's northeastern margin unconformably overlie Neoproterozoic complexes of the Timanide orogen; further west, Palaeozoic platform strata cover the East European Craton basement. The latter is exposed in the northern parts of the Fennoscandian (Baltic) Shield and is also present beneath the Neoproterozoic (perhaps also Mesoproterozoic) and younger successions of the Mezen Basin. Geophysical data help define the crustal and upper mantle structures of this part of northwestern Russia, from the Kola Peninsula to the Uralide orogen. Within the Shield, seismic refraction and near-vertical reflection profiling allow the terranes of Archaean and Palaeoproterozoic age, defined at the surface (the Murmansk, Kola-Liinakhamary, Central Kola, Keivy and Belomorian terranes, and the Pechenga-Imandra-Varzuga and Lapland-Kolvitsa Granulite Belts constituting the Lapland-Kola orogen, and the West Karelian, Central Karelian and Vodlozer terranes forming the Karelian province), to be traced into the deeper crust, promoting interpretation of various early Precambrian compressional and extensional regimes. Thrusting, transcurrent and extensional faulting have been identified in a crust that has been partly thickened during late Archaean and Palaeoproterozoic collision and locally extended both in back-arc basin settings and during syn-post-collisional collapse. The main Fennoscandian terranes can be traced southeastwards beneath the Mezen Basin based on gravity and magnetic data. Seismic profiling shows that the Phanerozoic successions of this basin overlie intracratonic rifts of Neoproterozoic and possibly Mesoproterozoic age. The rifts are composed of a number of half-graben, the details of which are well defined by vibroseis reflection profiling. During the development of Mezen Basin rifts, a Neoproterozoic passive margin was established in the vicinity of what is now the Timan Range. Late Neoproterozoic (Vendian) orogeny emplaced slope-rise turbidite-dominated successions southwestwards onto the platform. Towards the hinterland of the Timanides (also referred to as Baikalides), beneath the Phanerozoic Pechora Basin, a combination of potential field and seismic surveys, both shallow reflection and deep refraction profiling, have allowed analysis of the crust and uppermost mantle. Neoproterozoic magmatic arcs, Grenville-age(?) microcontinents and possible oceanic domains are inferred to exist beneath the early Palaeozoic unconformity. A vast region of Neoproterozoic accretion reaches from the western Urals, northwards beneath the Pechora Basin and the eastern Barents Shelf.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. 521-539 p.
Series
Geological Society Memoirs, ISSN 0435-4052 ; 32
Research subject
SWEDARCTIC
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:polar:diva-2448DOI: 10.1144/GSL.MEM.2006.032.01.32ISI: 000269198200033ISBN: 978-1-86239-212-0 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:polar-2448DiVA: diva2:873729
Available from: 2015-11-24 Created: 2015-11-24 Last updated: 2015-11-24

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