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The IceCube data acquisition system: Signal capture, digitization, and timestamping
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2009 (English)In: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, ISSN 0168-9002, Vol. 601Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

IceCube is a km-scale neutrino observatory under construction at the South Pole with sensors both in the deep ice (InIce) and on the surface (IceTop). The sensors, called Digital Optical Modules (DOMs). detect, digitize and timestamp the signals from optical Cherenkov-radiation photons. The DOM Main Board (MB) data acquisition subsystem is connected to the central DAQ in the IceCube Laboratory (ICL) by a single twisted copper wire-pair and transmits packetized data on demand. Time calibration is maintained throughout the array by regular transmission to the DOMs of precisely timed analog signals, synchronized to a central GPS-disciplined clock. The design goals and consequent features, functional capabilities, and initial performance of the DOM MB, and the operation of a combined array of DOMs as a system, are described here. Experience with the first InIce strings and the IceTop stations indicates that the system design and performance goals have been achieved. (c) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 601
Keyword [en]
Neutrino telescope Icecube Signal digitization AMANDA Instruments & Instrumentation Nuclear Science & Technology Physics Spectroscopy
Research subject
SWEDARP, IceCube
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:polar:diva-2013DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2009.01.001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:polar-2013DiVA: diva2:811951
Note

ISI Document Delivery No.: 430VR Times Cited: 119 Cited Reference Count: 9 Abbasi, R. Ackermann, M. Adams, J. Ahlers, M. Ahrens, J. Andeen, K. Auffenberge, J. Bai, X. Baker, M. Barwick, S. W. Bay, R. Alba, J. L. Bazo Beattie, K. Becka, T. Becker, J. K. Becker, K-H. Berghaus, P. Berley, D. Bernardini, E. Bertrand, D. Besson, D. Z. Bingham, B. Blaufuss, E. Boersma, D. J. Bohm, C. Bolmont, J. Boeser, S. Botner, O. Braun, J. Breeder, D. Burgess, T. Carithers, W. Castermans, T. Chen, H. Chirkin, D. Christy, B. Clem, J. Cowen, D. F. D'Agostino, M. V. Danninger, M. Davour, A. Day, C. T. Depaepe, O. De Clercq, C. Demiroers, L. Descamps, F. Desiati, P. de Vries-Uiterweerd, G. DeYoung, T. Diaz-Velez, J. C. Dreyer, J. Dumm, J. P. Duvoort, M. R. Edwards, W. R. Ehrlich, R. Eisch, J. Ellsworth, R. W. Engdegard, O. Euler, S. Evenson, P. A. Fadiran, O. Fazely, A. R. Feusels, T. Filimonov, K. Finley, C. Foerster, M. M. Fox, B. D. Franckowiak, A. Franke, R. Gaisser, T. K. Gallagher, J. Ganugapati, R. Gerhardt, L. Gladstone, L. Glowacki, D. Goldschmidt, A. Goodman, J. A. Gozzini, R. Grant, D. Griesel, T. Gross, A. Grullon, S. Gunasingha, R. M. Gurtner, M. Ha, C. Hallgren, A. Halzen, F. Han, K. Hanson, K. Hardtke, R. Hasegawa, Y. Haugen, J. Hays, D. Heise, J. Helbing, K. Hellwig, M. Herquet, P. Hickford, S. Hill, G. C. Hodges, J. Hoffman, K. D. Hoshina, K. Hubert, D. Huelsnitz, W. Hughey, B. Huss, J-P. Hulth, P. O. Hultqvist, K. Hussain, S. Imlay, R. L. Inaba, M. Ishiharai, A. Jacobsen, J. Japaridze, G. S. Johansson, H. Jones, A. Joseph, J. M. Kampert, K-H. Kappes, A. Karg, T. Karle, A. Kawai, H. Kelley, J. L. Kiryluk, J. Kislat, F. Klein, S. R. Kleinfelder, S. Klepser, S. Kohnen, G. Kolanoski, H. Koepke, L. Kowalski, M. Kowarik, T. Krasberg, M. Kuehn, K. Kujawski, E. Kuwabara, T. Labare, M. Laihem, K. Landsman, H. Lauer, R. Laundrie, A. Leich, H. Leier, D. Lewis, C. Lucke, A. Ludvig, J. Lundberg, J. Luenemann, J. Madsen, J. Maruyama, R. Mase, K. Matis, H. S. McParland, C. P. Meagher, K. Meli, A. Merck, M. Messarius, T. Meszaros, P. Minor, R. H. Miyamoto, H. Mohr, A. Mokhtarani, A. Montaruli, T. Morse, R. Movit, S. M. Muenich, K. Muratas, A. Nahnhauer, R. Nam, J. W. Niessen, P. Nygren, D. R. Odrowski, S. Olivas, A. Olivo, M. Ono, M. Panknin, S. Patton, S. de los Heros, C. Perez Petrovic, J. Piegsa, A. Pieloth, D. Pohl, A. C. Porrata, R. Potthoff, N. Pretz, J. Price, P. B. Przybylski, G. T. Rawlins, K. Razzaque, S. Redl, P. Resconi, E. Rhode, W. Ribordy, M. Rizzo, A. Robbins, W. J. Rodrigues, J. P. Roth, P. Rothmaier, F. Rott, C. Roucelle, C. Rutledge, D. Ryckbosch, D. Sander, H-G. Sarkar, S. Satalecka, K. Sandstrom, P. Schlenstedt, S. Schmidt, T. Schneider, D. Schulz, O. Seckel, D. Semburg, B. Seo, S. H. Sestayo, Y. Seunarine, S. Silvestri, A. Smith, A. J. Song, C. Sopher, J. E. Spiczak, G. M. Spiering, C. Stanev, T. Stezelberger, T. Stokstad, R. G. Stoufer, M. C. Stoyanov, S. Strahler, E. A. Straszheim, T. Sulanke, K-H. Sullivan, G. W. Swillenns, Q. Taboada, I. Tarasova, O. Tepe, A. Ter-Antonyan, S. Tilav, S. Tluczykont, M. Toale, P. A. Tosi, D. Turcan, D. van Eijndhoven, N. Vandenbroucke, J. Van Overloop, A. Viscomi, V. Vogt, C. Voigt, B. Vu, C. Q. Wahl, D. Walck, C. Waldenmaier, T. Waldmann, H. Walter, M. Wendt, C. Westerhof, S. Whitehorn, N. Wharton, D. Wiebusch, C. H. Wiedemann, C. Wikstroem, G. Williams, D. R. Wischnewski, R. Wissing, H. Woschnagg, K. Xu, X. W. Yodh, G. Yoshida, S. Vogt, Christian/E-2028-2012; Wiebusch, Christopher/G-6490-2012; Hallgren, Allan/A-8963-2013; Botner, Olga/A-9110-2013; Sarkar, Subir/G-5978-2011; Tjus, Julia/G-8145-2012; Auffenberg, Jan/D-3954-2014 Sarkar, Subir/0000-0002-3542-858X; Auffenberg, Jan/0000-0002-1185-9094 US National Science Foundation-Office of Polar Program; US National Science Foundation-Physics Division; University of Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation; US Department of Energy; National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center; Swedish Research Council; Swedish Polar Research Secretariat; Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation, Sweden; German Ministry for Education and Research; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG), Germany; Fund for Scientific Research (FNRSFWO); Flanders Institute to encourage scientific and technological research in industry (IWT); Belgian Federal Science Policy Office (Belspo); Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO); SNF (Switzerland); EU Marie Curie OIF Program We acknowledge the support from the following agencies: US National Science Foundation-Office of Polar Program, US National Science Foundation-Physics Division, University of Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation, US Department of Energy, and National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center; Swedish Research Council, Swedish Polar Research Secretariat, and Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation, Sweden; German Ministry for Education and Research, Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG), Germany; Fund for Scientific Research (FNRSFWO), Flanders Institute to encourage scientific and technological research in industry (IWT), Belgian Federal Science Policy Office (Belspo); the Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO); M. Ribordy acknowledges the support of the SNF (Switzerland); A. Kappes and A. Grog acknowledge support by the EU Marie Curie OIF Program. Throughout the conception, design, and building of this system, W. Chinowsky has provided invaluable advice and guidance. Michael Phipps and the University Program of Altera Corporation provided us with samples, development tools, advice, and technical support. We also thank the engineering and technical staff at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory who were essential to the design, construction and testing of the DOM MB. 119 Elsevier science bv Amsterdam Instruments & Instrumentation; Nuclear Science & Technology; Physics, Particles & Fields; Spectroscopy

Available from: 2015-05-13 Created: 2015-05-13 Last updated: 2015-05-27

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