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Changes in King penguin breeding cycle in responce to food availability
Responsible organisation
1997 (English)In: The Condor, Vol. 99, 994 - 997 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
Abstract [en]
From 1991 to 1996 we investigated how the breeding cycle of King Penguins Aptenodytes patagonicus, in a small colony at South Georgia, was affected by variation in food availability between years. During the first (1992) and third (1996) of the three successful cycles studied, food was plentiful, whereas food availability was lower during the second cycle (1994). We found (1) the duration of breeding was longer (455 days) in 1994 compared to 1992 (437 days) and 1996 (438 days), (2) fewer birds made late breeding attempts in 1994 (38%) than in 1992 (88%) and 1996 (70%), and (3) those birds that made late attempts laid their egg later in 1994 (mean 16 March) compared to 1992 (19 February) and 1996 (21 February). We conclude that the breeding timetable changed in response both to the reduced availability of food in 1994 and to the subsequent improved conditions in 1996. This suggests that annual versus biennial breeding in King Penguins is dependent on the availability of food and the condition of the birds.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1997. Vol. 99, 994 - 997 p.
Keyword [en]
king penguins, Aptenodytes patagonica, SWEDARP 1991/92, SWEDARP 1992/93, SWEDARP 1993/94, Antarctica, South Georgia
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:polar:diva-1340OAI: oai:DiVA.org:polar-1340DiVA: diva2:569477
Note

Source: Polardok by Swedish Polar Research Secretariat

Available from: 2012-11-15 Created: 2012-11-15 Last updated: 2012-11-15

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
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More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
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  • Other locale
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Output format
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