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Zooming in on frozen-bed patches: scale-dependent controls on Fennoscandian ice sheet basal thermal zonation
Responsible organisation
1999 (English)In: Annals of Glaciology, Vol. 28, 189-194 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
Abstract [en]
In this paper, we explore geomorphological evidence allowing a first-order reconstruction of the extent and pattern of frozen-bed conditions under the last Fennoscandian ice sheet. We mapped relict landscapes, i.e. glacial landforms and subaerially developed ground surfaces predating the last ice sheet and marking sustained frozen-bed conditions, at four different spatial scales. At the ice-sheet scale, relict landscapes are most abundant between the Last Glacial Maximum ice divide and the elevation axis of the Scandinavian mountain range. The location of frozen-bed zones was mainly a function of dispersal centre location (low surface temperatures and small strain heating) and small ice thickness over the eastern flank of the mountain range. At the mesoscale (260 × 360 km map area), the pattern of relict surfaces is governed by inward-cutting ice-stream erosion. Topographical control was weak, but relation to flow pattern was strong, with the major frozen-bed zone located where ice flow was strongly divergent. At the regional scale (40 × 65 km map area) in hilly terrain, topographical control was strong with relict surfaces only appearing above a plane dipping in the up-ice direction. At the local scale (12 × 14 km map area), control by topography was likewise strong, but the detailed boundary pattern was irregular, with specific landforms occurring both up- and down-ice of frozen patches.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1999. Vol. 28, 189-194 p.
Keyword [en]
Arctic, Sweden, Fennoscandia, frozen-bed conditions, frozen-bed zones
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:polar:diva-993DOI: 10.3189/172756499781821670 OAI: oai:DiVA.org:polar-993DiVA: diva2:569127
Note

Source: Polardok by Swedish Polar Research Secretariat

Available from: 2012-11-15 Created: 2012-11-15 Last updated: 2012-11-15

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Citation style
  • apa
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  • ieee
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  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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  • text
  • asciidoc
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