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Late Holocene Paleomagnetic Secular Variation in the Chukchi Sea, Arctic Ocean
Stockholms universitet, Institutionen för geologiska vetenskaper.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6458-6245
Stockholms universitet, Institutionen för naturgeografi.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8934-7243
Stockholms universitet, Institutionen för geologiska vetenskaper.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9033-3559
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Number of Authors: 9
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2022 (English)In: Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems, E-ISSN 1525-2027, Vol. 23, no 5, article id e2021GC010187Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The geomagnetic field behavior in polar regions remains poorly understood and documented. Although a number of Late Holocene paleomagnetic secular variation (PSV) records exist from marginal settings of the Amerasian Basin in the Arctic Ocean, their age control often relies on a handful of radiocarbon dates to constrain ages over the past 4,200 years. Here we present well-dated Late Holocene PSV records from two sediment cores recovered from the Chukchi Sea, Arctic Ocean. The records are dated using 26 14C measurements, with local marine reservoir corrections calibrated using tephra layers from the 3.6 cal ka BP Aniakchak eruption in Northern Alaska. These 14C-based chronologies are extended into the post-bomb era using caesium-137 dating, and mercury isochrons. Paleomagnetic measurements and rock magnetic analyses reveal stable characteristic remanent magnetization directions, and a magnetic mineralogy dominated by low-coercivity minerals. The PSV records conform well to global spherical harmonic field model outputs. Centennial to millennial scale directional features are synchronous between the cores and other Western Arctic records from the area. Due to the robust chronology, these new high-resolution PSV records provide a valuable contribution to the characterization of geomagnetic field behavior in the Arctic over the past few thousand years, and can aid in developing age models for suitable sediments found in this region.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2022. Vol. 23, no 5, article id e2021GC010187
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Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
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SWEDARCTIC 2014, SWERUS-C3
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URN: urn:nbn:se:polar:diva-8968DOI: 10.1029/2021GC010187ISI: 000796958900001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85130822930OAI: oai:DiVA.org:polar-8968DiVA, id: diva2:1726745
Available from: 2022-06-13 Created: 2023-01-13 Last updated: 2023-02-21Bibliographically approved

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West, GabrielGeels, AlexisJakobsson, MartinPearce, ChristofO'Regan, Matt
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