Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Combining airborne laser scanning data and optical satellite data for classification of alpine vegetation
Responsible organisation
2014 (English)In: International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation, ISSN 0303-2434, Vol. 27, no Part A, p. 81-90Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Climate change and outdated vegetation maps are among the reasons for renewed interest in mapping sensitive alpine and subalpine vegetation. Satellite data combined with elevation derivatives have been shown to be useful for mapping alpine vegetation, however, there is room for improvement. The inclusion of airborne laser scanning data metrics has not been widely investigated for alpine vegetation. This study has combined SPOT 5 satellite data, elevation derivatives, and laser data metrics for a 25km x 31km study area in Abisko, Sweden. Nine detailed vegetation classes defined by height, density and species composition in addition to snow/ice, water, and bare rock were classified using a supervised Random Forest classifier. Several of the classes consisted of shrub and grass species with a maximum height of 0.4m or less. Laser data metrics were calculated from the nDSM based on a 10m x 10m grid, and after variable selection, the metrics used in the classification were the 95th and 99th height percentiles, a vertical canopy density metric, the mean and standard deviation of height, a vegetation ratio based on the raw laser data point cloud with a variable height threshold (from 0.1 to 1.0m with 0.1m intervals), and standard deviation of these vegetation ratios. The satellite data used in classification was all SPOT bands plus NDVI and NDII, while the elevation derivatives consisted of elevation, slope and the Saga Wetness Index. Overall accuracy when using the combination of laser data metrics, elevation derivatives and SPOT 5 data increased by 6% as compared to classification of SPOT and elevation derivatives only, and increased by 14.2% compared to SPOT 5 data alone. The classes which benefitted most from inclusion of laser data metrics were mountain birch and alpine willow. The producer’s accuracy for willow increased from 18% (SPOT alone) to 41% (SPOT+elevation derivatives) and then to 55% (SPOT+elevation derivatives+laser data) when laser data were included, with the 95th height percentile and Saga Wetness Index contributing most to willow’s improved classification. Addition of laser data metrics did not increase the classification accuracy of spectrally similar dry heath (<0.3m height) and mesic heath (0.3-1.0m height), which may have been a result of laser data penetration of sparse shrub canopy or laser data processing choices. The final results show that laser data metrics combined with satellite data and elevation derivatives contributed overall to a better classification of alpine and subalpine vegetation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 27, no Part A, p. 81-90
Keywords [en]
SPOT, Laser data metrics, Elevation derivatives, Alpine, Willow, Shrub
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:polar:diva-4154DOI: 10.1016/j.jag.2013.05.003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:polar-4154DiVA, id: diva2:1171121
Note

Special Issue on Polar Remote Sensing 2013

Available from: 2018-01-05 Created: 2018-01-05 Last updated: 2018-01-05

Open Access in DiVA

No full text in DiVA

Other links

Publisher's full texthttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0303243413000524
In the same journal
International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation
Natural Sciences

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

doi
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

doi
urn-nbn
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf