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(MIS3 & 2) millennial oscillations in Greenland dust and Eurasian aeolian records - A paleosol perspective
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2017 (English)In: Quaternary Science Reviews, ISSN 0277-3791, E-ISSN 1873-457X, Vol. 169, 99-113 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Since their discovery, the abrupt climate changes that punctuated the last glacial period (similar to 110.6-14.62 ka) have attracted considerable attention. Originating in the North-Atlantic area, these abrupt changes have been recorded in ice, marine and terrestrial records all over the world, but especially in the Northern Hemisphere, with various environmental implications. Ice-core records of unprecedented temporal resolution from northern Greenland allow to specify the timing of these abrupt changes, which are associated with sudden temperature increases in Greenland over a few decades, very precisely. The continental records have, so far, been mainly interpreted in terms of temperature, precipitation or vegetation changes between the relatively warm “Greenland Interstadials” (GI) and the cooler “Greenland Stadials” (GS). Here we compare records from Greenland ice and northwestern European eolian deposits in order to establish a link between GI and the soil development in European mid latitudes, as recorded in loess sequences. For the different types of observed paleosols, we use the correlation with the Greenland records to propose estimates of the maximum time lapses needed to achieve the different degrees of maturation and development. To identify these time lapses more precisely, we compare two independent ice-core records: 6180 and dust concentration, indicating variations of atmospheric temperature and dustiness in the Greenland area, respectively. Our method slightly differs from the definition of a GI event duration applied in other studies, where the sharp end of the 8180 decrease alone defines the end of a Gl. We apply the same methodology to both records (i.e., the GIs are defined to last from the beginning of the abrupt 6180 increase or dust concentration decrease until the time when 6180 or dust recur to their initial value before the GI onset), determined both visually and algorithmically, and compare them to published estimates of GI timing and duration. The duration of the GI and consequently the maximum time for paleosol development varies between 200 and 4200 years when visually determined and between 200 and 4800 years when estimated algorithmically for GI 17 to 2, i.e. an interval running from 60 ka to 23 ka b2k (age before 2000 AD). Furthermore, we investigate the abruptness of the transition from stadial to interstadial conditions, which initiates the paleosol development. The average transition duration is 55.4 +/- 16.1 (56.8 +/- 19.6) years when determined visually, and 36.4 +/- 13.4 (60.00 +/- 21.2) years when determined algorithmically for the delta O-18 (dust concentration). The 6180 increases correspond to a mean temperature difference of 11.8 degrees C on the top of the Greenland ice sheet, associated with substantial reorganizations of the ecosystems in mid-latitude Europe. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD , 2017. Vol. 169, 99-113 p.
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Natural Sciences
Research subject
SWEDARCTIC; SWEDARCTIC 2001, NordGRIP 2001
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:polar:diva-3796DOI: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2017.05.020OAI: oai:DiVA.org:polar-3796DiVA: diva2:1139285
Available from: 2017-09-07 Created: 2017-09-07 Last updated: 2017-09-07Bibliographically approved

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