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Below ground carbon turnover and greenhouse gas exchanges in a sub-arctic wetland
Responsible organisation
2007 (English)In: Soil Biology and Biochemistry, ISSN 0038-0717, E-ISSN 1879-3428, Vol. 39, no 7, 1689-1698 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Here we present results from a field experiment in a sub-arctic wetland near Abisko, northern Sweden, where the permafrost is currently disintegrating with significant vegetation changes as a result. During one growing season we investigated the fluxes of CO(2) and CH(4) and how they were affected by ecosystem properties, i.e., composition of species that are currently expanding in the area (Carex rotundata, Eriophorum vaginatum and Eriophorum angustifolium), dissolved CH(4) in the pore water, substrate availability for methane producing bacteria, water table depth, active layer, temperature, etc. We found that the measured gas fluxes over the season ranged between: CH(4) 0.2 and 36.1 mg CH(4) m(-2) h(-1), Net Ecosystem Exchange (NEE) -1000 and 1250 mg CO(2) m(-2) h(-1) (negative values meaning a sink of atmospheric CO(2)) and dark respiration 110 and 1700 mg CO(2) m(-2) h(-1). We found that NEE, photosynthetic rate and CH(4) emission were affected by the species composition. Multiple stepwise regressions indicated that the primary explanatory variables for NEE was photosynthetic rate and for respiration and photosynthesis biomass of green leaves. The primary explanatory variables for CH(4) emissions were depth of the water table, concentration of organic acid carbon and biomass of green leaves. The negative correlations between pore water concentration and emission of CH(4) and the concentrations of organic acid, amino acid and carbohydrate carbon indicated that these compounds or their fermentation by-products were substrates for CH(4) formation. Furthermore, calculation of the radiative forcing of the species expanding in the area as a direct result of permafrost degradation and a change in hydrology indicate that the studied mire may act as an increasing source of radiative forcing in future. (c) 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD , 2007. Vol. 39, no 7, 1689-1698 p.
Keyword [en]
CO(2); emission; methane emission; net ecosystem exchange; Eriophorium; Carex; organic acids; carbohydrates; amino acids; wetlands
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:polar:diva-3791DOI: 10.1016/j.soilbio.2007.01.019OAI: oai:DiVA.org:polar-3791DiVA: diva2:1133413
Available from: 2017-08-15 Created: 2017-08-15 Last updated: 2017-08-15

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