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Rates of chemical and mechanical fluvial denudation in an arctic oceanic periglacial environment, Latnjavagge drainage basin, northernmost Swedish Lapland
Department of Earth Sciences, Uppsala University.
Botanical Institute, Plant Ecology, Gothenburg University.
Luleå tekniska universitet.
Institute for Geological Sciences, Hydrogeology, Free University of Berlin.
Responsible organisation
2005 (English)In: Arctic, Antarctic and Alpine research, ISSN 1523-0430, E-ISSN 1938-4246, Vol. 37, no 1, 75-87 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A process geomorphological investigation was started in 1999 to study present denudation rates and the mutual relationship of chemical and mechanical fluvial denudation in periglacial environments. Latnjavagge (9 km2; 950-1440 m a.s.l.; 68°20'N, 18°30'E) was chosen as a representative drainage basin of the arctic-oceanic mountain area in northernmost Swedish Lapland. Atmospheric solute inputs, chemical denudation, and mechanical fluvial denudation were analyzed. During the arctic summer field seasons of 2000, 2001, and 2002 measurements of daily precipitation, solute concentrations in precipitation, and in melted snow cores, taken before snowmelt, were recorded. In addition, solute and suspended sediment concentrations in creeks were analyzed, and bedload tracer movements were registered during the entire summer seasons (end of May until beginning of September). Results show a mean annual chemical denudation net rate of 5.4 t km-2 yr-1 in the entire catchment. Chemical denudation in Latnjavagge is less than one third of chemical denudation rates reported for Kärkevagge (Swedish Lapland) but seems to be at a similar level as in a number of other subarctic, arctic, and alpine environments. Mechanical fluvial denudation is lower than chemical denudation. Most sediment transport in channels occurs in the early summer season during a few days with snowmelt generated runoff peaks. The main sediment sources in the drainage basin are mobilized channel bed pavements exposing fines, ice patches/fields, and material mobilized by slush flows. The calculated mean mechanical fluvial denudation rate is 2.3 t km-2 yr-1 at the inlet of lake Latnjajaure, situated in Latnjavagge close to the outlet of the valley. A very stable vegetation cover and rhyzosphere in this environment mainly explain the low value. The mean mechanical fluvial denudation rate at the outlet of the entire Latnjavagge drainage basin, below lake Latnjajaure, is only 0.8 t km-2 yr-1. Both chemical and mechanical fluvial denudation show low intensity. The results from Latnjavagge support the contention that chemical denudation is a somewhat important denudational process in periglacial environments.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 37, no 1, 75-87 p.
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Natural Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:polar:diva-3645DOI: 10.1657/1523-0430(2005)037[0075:ROCAMF]2.0.CO;2Local ID: 8404d0b0-eb63-11dc-9508-000ea68e967bOAI: oai:DiVA.org:polar-3645DiVA: diva2:1103483
Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2017-05-30

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