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Effects of high-magnitude/low-frequency fluvial events generated by intense snowmelt or heavy rainfall in arctic periglacial environments in northern Swedish Lapland and northern Siberia
Responsible organisation
2004 (English)In: Geografiska Annaler. Series A, Physical Geography, ISSN 0435-3676, E-ISSN 1468-0459, Vol. 86A, no 1, 11-29 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In the Latnjavagge drainage basin (68degrees21’N, 18degrees29’E), an arctic-oceanic periglacial environment in northernmost Swedish Lapland, the fluvial sediment transport and the characteristics and importance of high-magnitude/low-frequency fluvial events generated by intense snowmelt or heavy rainfall have been investigated and compared with snowmelt- and rainfall-induced discharge peaks in the Levinson-Lessing Lake basin (Krasnaya river system) on the Taimyr Peninsula, an arctic periglacial environment in northern Siberia (74degrees32’N, 98degrees35’E). In Latnjavagge (9 km(2)) the intensity of fluvial sediment transport is very low. Most of the total annual sediment load is transported in a few days during snowmelt generated runoff peaks. Due to the continuous and very stable vegetation covering most areas below 1300 m a.s.l. in the Latnjavagge catchment, larger rainfall events are of limited importance for sediment transport in this environment. Compared to that, in the c. 40 times larger Krasnaya river system rainfall-generated runoff peaks cause significant sediment transport. The main sediment sources in the Latnjavagge drainage basin are permanent ice patches, channel debris pavements mobilized during peak discharges and exposing fines, and material mobilized by slush-flows. In the Krasnaya river system river bank erosion is the main sediment source. In both periglacial environments more than 90% of the annual sediment yield is transported during runoff peaks. The results from both arctic periglacial environments underline the high importance of high-magnitude/low-frequency fluvial events for the total fluvial sediment budgets of periglacial fluvial systems. Restricted sediment availability is in both arctic environments the major controlling factor for this behaviour.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BLACKWELL PUBL LTD , 2004. Vol. 86A, no 1, 11-29 p.
Keyword [en]
high-magnitude/low-frequency fluvial events; sediment transport; fluvial sediment budget; periglacial; arctic; Lapland; Siberia
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:polar:diva-3617DOI: 10.1111/j.0435-3676.2004.00210.xOAI: oai:DiVA.org:polar-3617DiVA: diva2:1102688
Available from: 2017-05-30 Created: 2017-05-30 Last updated: 2017-05-30

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