ISOTOPE STUDIES OF GRANITOIDS FROM THE BANGENHUK FORMATION, NY-FRIESLAND CALEDONIDES, SVALBARD
Swedish Polar Research Secretariat1995 (English)In: Geological Magazine, ISSN 0016-7568, E-ISSN 1469-5081, Vol. 132, no 3, 303-320 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The Caledonian Hecla Hoek succession in Ny Friesland, eastern Svalbard has been interpreted, for many decades, to be a continuous stratigraphic sequence. Early Palaeozoic and Neoproterozoic strata in its upper parts pass more or less conformably down into amphibolite facies rocks (Stubendorffbreen Supergroup) at depth. Recent isotopic age-determination and structural studies have indicated that the Stubendorffbreen succession is tectonostratigraphic and made up of at least three major thrust sheets. This paper provides new data from two meta-igneous units within the succession, the Bangenhuk and Instrumentberget gneisses. Both are granitoid sheets, consisting mainly of red, strongly lineated gneisses of monzogranitic composition; the Bangenhuk unit also contains some lenses of little deformed granitoids, as well as cross-cutting aplite dykes, amphibolitized dolerites and subordinate metasedimentary rocks. The latter are locally cut by granitoids. U-Pb zircon dating of six samples of variably deformed Bangenhuk granitoids, including one cross-cutting aplitic dyke, has yielded ages between 1720 and 1770 Ma, the higher values generally from the less deformed samples. The Instrumentberget gneissic granite yielded an age of 1737(-41)(+46) Ma. These ages are interpreted to date the time of intrusion of the granitoids at around 1750 Ma; the younger ages may have been slightly lowered by Caledonian deformation, particularly those from specimens located close to a major fracture (the Billefjorden Fault Zone) in Wijdefjorden-Austfjorden. U-Pb dating of titanite from the least deformed granitoid also yields comparable Palaeoproterozoic ages; in the more deformed rocks, however, titanites give evidence of Caledonian ductile deformation at c. 410 Ma. The Rb-Sr system of the corresponding whole rock samples has been disturbed and yields an errorchron age of about 1650 Ma and, for some samples, an impossibly low initial Sr ratio. The Sm-Nd system may be more intact and yields initial a,, values of -2 to -3, suggesting some contribution from older crustal material to the granitoid magmas. The results indicate the presence of extensive units of Palaeoproterozoic granitic basement within the Lower Hecla Hoek succession of Ny Friesland, supporting the hypothesis that the latter is composed of tectonically intercalated basement and cover units.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
UNIV UPPSALA,DEPT GEOPHYS,S-75122 UPPSALA,SWEDEN. UNIV GOTHENBURG,DEPT GEOL,S-41296 GOTHENBURG,SWEDEN. LUND UNIV,DEPT GEOL,S-22362 LUND,SWEDEN., 1995. Vol. 132, no 3, 303-320 p.
Research subject SWEDARCTIC, SWEDARCTIC 1991; SWEDARCTIC, SWEDARCTIC 1992
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:polar:diva-3414ISI: A1995RB67500005OAI: oai:DiVA.org:polar-3414DiVA: diva2:1078202