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The deep waters of the Eurasian Basin, Arctic Ocean: Geothermal heat flow, mixing and renewal
Responsible organisation
2006 (English)In: Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, ISSN 0967-0637, E-ISSN 1879-0119, Vol. 53, no 7, 1253-1271 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Hydrographic observations from four separate expeditions to the Eurasian Basin of the Arctic Ocean between 1991 and 2001 show a 300-700 m thick homogenous bottom layer. The layer is characterized by slightly warmer temperature compared to ambient, overlying water masses, with a mean layer thickness of 500 +/- 100 m and a temperature surplus of 7.0 +/- 2 x 10(-3) degrees C. The layer is present in the deep central parts of the Nansen and Amundsen Basins away from continental slopes and ocean ridges and is spatially coherent across the interior parts of the deep basins. Here we show that the layer is most likely formed by convection induced by geothermal heat supplied from Earth’s interior. Data from 1991 to 1996 indicate that the layer was in a quasi steady state where the geothermal heat supply was balanced by heat exchange with a colder boundary. After 1996 there is evidence of a reformation of the layer in the Amundsen Basin after a water exchange. Simple numerical calculations show that it is possible to generate a layer similar to the one observed in 2001 in 4-5 years, starting from initial profiles with no warm homogeneous bottom layer. Limited hydrographic observations from 2001 indicate that the entire deep-water column in the Amundsen Basin is warmer compared to earlier years. We argue that this is due to a major deep-water renewal that occurred between 1996 and 2001. (c) 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 53, no 7, 1253-1271 p.
Keyword [en]
deep water; convection; mixing; geothermal heat; heat flow; Nansen Basin; Amundsen Basin; Lomonosov Ridge; Arctic Ocean
National Category
Natural Sciences
Research subject
SWEDARCTIC 1991, Arctic Ocean 1991; SWEDARCTIC 2001, Arctic Ocean 2001
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:polar:diva-3195DOI: 10.1016/j.dsr.2006.05.006OAI: oai:DiVA.org:polar-3195DiVA: diva2:1050188
Available from: 2016-11-28 Created: 2016-11-21 Last updated: 2016-11-28

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
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