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Seismic stratigraphy and sediment thickness of the Nansen Basin, Arctic Ocean
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2009 (English)In: Geophysical Journal International, ISSN 0956-540X, E-ISSN 1365-246X, Vol. 176, no 3, 805-821 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A Norwegian expedition to the western Nansen Basin, Yermak Plateau and the Hinlopen margin in 2001 acquired about 1100 km of 2-D multichannel seismic profiles and 50 wide-angle sonobuoy record sections. Analysis of these data establishes a regional seismic stratigraphic framework for the western Nansen Basin integrating previously published stratigraphic schemes. P-wave velocities and sediment thickness were derived within 7-8 per cent uncertainty from 2-D seismic ray tracing models of each sonobuoy section. Sediment thickness reaches 2 km in the studied area and increases towards the depocentre of the giant Franz-Victoria fan on the Barents-Kara continental margin. High-relief oceanic crystalline crust with 3.7 km s(-1) average near-top velocity is infilled by four seismic sediment units with typical velocities 2.4, 2.2, 2.0 and 1.8 km s(-1). A prominent regional seismic horizon between units 2 and 3 is tentatively correlated by basement onlap and sedimentation rates to a Miocene (similar to 10 Ma) palaeoceanographic event, possibly the opening of the Fram Strait. The youngest unit is correlated to prograding sequences on the margin and to the onset of major slope failure caused by intensified glacio-fluvial drainage and ice sheet erosion during Northern Hemisphere glaciations (2.6-0.01 Ma).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 176, no 3, 805-821 p.
Keyword [en]
Submarine landslides; Crustal structure; Continental margins: divergent; Sedimentary basin processes; Arctic region
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Natural Sciences
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URN: urn:nbn:se:polar:diva-3118DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-246X.2008.04028.xOAI: oai:DiVA.org:polar-3118DiVA: diva2:1050157
Available from: 2016-11-28 Created: 2016-11-21 Last updated: 2016-11-28

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  • apa
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  • vancouver
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  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
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  • nn-NB
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  • Other locale
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