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Return of the cold halocline layer to the Amundsen Basin of the Arctic Ocean: Implications for the sea ice mass balance
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2002 (English)In: Geophysical Research Letters, ISSN 0094-8276, E-ISSN 1944-8007, Vol. 29, no 11Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

[1] CTD measurements from the Arctic Ocean 2001 expedition reveal that the cold halocline layer (CHL) has returned to the Amundsen Basin at a position close to that found during the Oden’91 expedition. River water from the Siberian shelves formed a strong freshwater front in the Amundsen Basin, extending from the Gakkel Ridge to the Lomonosov Ridge. Furthermore, we show from model computations that the presence of a CHL may increase winter sea ice growth by 0.25 m over one season compared to a case with a non-existing CHL due to increased vertical heat flux from the warm Atlantic water. The difference in sea ice growth is due to a much shallower winter convection with a CHL present, which is not able to reach into the warm Atlantic layer, resulting in a considerably smaller oceanic heat flux.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2002. Vol. 29, no 11
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Natural Sciences
Research subject
SWEDARCTIC 2001, Arctic Ocean 2001
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URN: urn:nbn:se:polar:diva-3239DOI: 10.1029/2001GL014157OAI: oai:DiVA.org:polar-3239DiVA, id: diva2:1050122
Available from: 2016-11-28 Created: 2016-11-21 Last updated: 2017-11-29

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