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Calcium carbonate saturation in the surface water of the Arctic Ocean: undersaturation in freshwater influenced shelves
Responsible organisation
2009 (English)In: Biogeosciences, ISSN 1726-4170, E-ISSN 1726-4189, Vol. 6, no 11, 2421-2431 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In the summer of 2005, we sampled surface water and measured pH and total alkalinity (A(T)) underway aboard IB Oden along the Northwest Passage from Cape Farewell (South Greenland) to the Chukchi Sea. We investigated the variability of carbonate system parameters, focusing particularly on carbonate concentration [CO32-] and calcium carbonate saturation states, as related to freshwater addition, biological processes and physical upwelling. Measurements on A(T), pH at 15 degrees C, salinity (S) and sea surface temperature (SST), were used to calculate total dissolved inorganic carbon (C-T), [CO32-] and the saturation of aragonite (Omega Ar) and calcite (Omega Ca) in the surface water. The same parameters were measured in the water column of the Bering Strait. Some surface waters in the Canadian Arctic Archipelago (CAA) and on the Mackenzie shelf (MS) were found to be undersaturated with respect to aragonite (Omega Ar<1). In these areas, surface water was low in AT and CT (<1500 mu mol kg(-1)) relative to seawater and showed low [CO32-]. The low saturation states were probably due to the likely the effect of dilution due to freshwater addition by sea ice melt (CAA) and river runoff (MS). High A(T) and C-T and low pH, corresponded with the lowest [CO32-], Omega Ar and Omega Ca, observed near Cape Bathurst and along the South Chukchi Peninsula. This was linked to the physical upwelling of subsurface water with elevated CO2. The highest surface Omega Ar and Omega Ca of 3.0 and 4.5, respectively, were found on the Chukchi Sea shelf and in the cold water north of Wrangel Island, which is heavily influenced by high CO2 drawdown and lower C-T from intense biological production. In the western Bering Strait, the cold and saline Anadyr Current carries water that is enriched in A(T) and C-T from enhanced organic matter remineralization, resulting in the lowest Omega Ar (similar to 1.2) of the area.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 6, no 11, 2421-2431 p.
National Category
Natural Sciences
Research subject
SWEDARCTIC 2005, Beringia 2005
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:polar:diva-3120OAI: oai:DiVA.org:polar-3120DiVA: diva2:1049800
Available from: 2016-11-25 Created: 2016-11-21 Last updated: 2016-11-25

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
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  • Other locale
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Output format
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  • asciidoc
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