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The melt-freeze cycle of the Arctic Ocean ice cover and its dependence on ocean stratification
Responsible organisation
2013 (English)In: Journal of Geophysical Research - Oceans, ISSN 2169-9275, E-ISSN 2169-9291, Vol. 118, no 11, 5963-5976 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A time-dependent, 1-D coupled ice-ocean model is used to quantify the impact of ocean stratification on the Arctic ice cover. The model results show that the ice growth during winter equals the ice melt in summer for areas with a well-developed cold halocline layer (CHL), provided that the initial ice thickness is around 3 m, while thinner initial ice thickness results in net growth. Areas with weak salt stratification can have a negative annual thickness change irrespective of the initial ice thickness and are thus dependent on ice import in order to remain ice covered. The model results also show that ocean stratification is mostly important for ice-thickness development during the growing season. Areas with weak stratification have an ocean heat flux up to 8 W m(-2) reaching the ice during the growing season, while areas with a CHL have an average of about 0.7 W m(-2). In the extreme area, north of Svalbard, the ocean heat fluxes are typically around 25 W m(-2) but can be up to 400 W m(-2) during the initial adjustment, when the warm Atlantic water has direct contact with the ice. A general outcome of the study is that, depending on ocean stratification, the ice cover of Arctic Ocean can be divided into one part with net ice growth (the major part) and another part with net ice melt (mainly in the Nansen Basin).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 118, no 11, 5963-5976 p.
Keyword [en]
Arctic Ocean; sea ice; ocean stratification; heat flux
National Category
Natural Sciences
Research subject
SWEDARCTIC 2005, Beringia 2005
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:polar:diva-2970DOI: 10.1002/jgrc.20409OAI: oai:DiVA.org:polar-2970DiVA: diva2:1046055
Available from: 2016-11-11 Created: 2016-10-27 Last updated: 2016-11-11

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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