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The dissolved Beryllium isotope composition of the Arctic Ocean
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2009 (English)In: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, ISSN 0016-7037, E-ISSN 1872-9533, Vol. 73, no 20, 6114-6133 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We present the first comprehensive set of dissolved Be-10 and Be-9 concentrations in surface waters and vertical profiles of all major sub-basins of the Arctic Ocean, which are complemented by data from the major Arctic rivers Mackenzie, Lena, Yenisey and Ob. The results show that Be-10 and Be-9 concentrations in waters below 150 m depth are low and only vary within a factor of 2 throughout the Arctic Basin (350-750 atoms/g and 9-15 pmol/kg, respectively). In marked contrast, Be isotope compositions in the upper 150 m are highly variable and show systematic variations. Cosmogenic Be-10 concentrations range from 150 to 1000 atoms/g and concentrations of terrigenous Be-9 range from 7 to 65 pmol/kg, resulting in Be-10/Be-9 ratios (atom/atom) between 0.5 and 14 x 10(-8). In. owing Atlantic water masses in the Eurasian Basin are characterized by a Be-10/Be-9 signature of 7 x 10(-8). The inflow of Pacific water masses across the Bering Strait is characterized by lower ratios of 2-3 x 10(-8), which can be traced into the central Arctic Ocean, possibly as far as the Fram Strait. A comparison of the high dissolved surface Be-10 and Be-9 concentrations (corresponding to low Be-10/Be-9 signatures of similar to 2 x 10(-8)) in the Eurasian Basin with hydrographic parameters and river data documents efficient and rapid transport of Be with Siberian river waters across the Siberian Arctic shelves into the central Arctic Basin, although significant loss and exchange of Be on the shelves occurs. In contrast, fresh surface waters from the Canada Basin also show high cosmogenic Be-10 contents, but are not enriched in terrigenous Be-9 (resulting in high Be-10/Be-9 signatures of up to 14 x 10(-8)). This is explained by a combination of efficient scavenging of Be in the Mackenzie River estuary and the shelves and additional supply of cosmogenic Be-10 via atmospheric fallout and melting of old sea ice. The residence time of Be in the deep Arctic Ocean estimated from our data is 800 years and thus similar to the average Be residence time in the global ocean. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 73, no 20, 6114-6133 p.
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Natural Sciences
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SWEDARCTIC 2001, Arctic Ocean 2001; SWEDARCTIC, SWEDARCTIC 2001; SWEDARCTIC 2002, Arctic Ocean 2002; SWEDARCTIC, SWEDARCTIC 2002
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URN: urn:nbn:se:polar:diva-3097DOI: 10.1016/j.gca.2009.07.010OAI: oai:DiVA.org:polar-3097DiVA: diva2:1044907
Available from: 2016-11-07 Created: 2016-10-27 Last updated: 2016-11-07

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