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Ice-nucleating particles in the central Arctic
Number of Authors: 1
Responsible organisation
2021 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

A small subset of aerosol particles can induce ice-nucleation in supercooled liquid droplets. These ice-nucleating particles (INP) are responsible for the primary, heterogeneous nucleation of ice in clouds, and knowledge of their concentrations, sources and characteristics is necessary to accurately represent these mixed-phased clouds in models. This is particularly important in regions such as the central Arctic Ocean, where there are persistent mixed-phased clouds that help shape the radiative budget of the Arctic but very few measurements of INP, none of which are at cloud altitude. This thesis aimed to tackle the dearth of central Arctic INP data through the design and use of novel instrumentation, and a field campaign aboard an icebreaker which saw measurements of INP measurements made at both ship and cloud level close to the North Pole (88-90°N). Firstly, a high-volume, size-selective aerosol sampler capable of being deployed for hours at a time at altitudes and temperatures relevant for mixed phased clouds was designed and tested. This sampler was used on a 2-month campaign to the central Arctic ocean from August-September 2018, alongside ship-based INP measurements. The central Arctic INP concentrations at sea-level were highly variable, with concentrations as low as could be expected in the Southern Oceans, and as high as those measured in rural farmland. The INP were found to be heat-sensitive, and the most active samples originated from the Arctic coasts of Russia. The samples with the least INP activity were from the pack ice and Canadian Arctic. The concentrations measured at cloud-level were often decoupled from those at the surface, demonstrating the necessity for more airborne measurements of INP. Additionally, the INP at cloud-level were often smaller than expected, at <0.25 μm in aerodynamic diameter. Finally, in order to better probe the characteristics of sampled INP in the future, a microfluidic device capable of sorting ice crystals containing INP active at a specific temperature from the bulk sample was developed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Leeds, 2021.
Keywords [en]
Ice nucleation, Arctic, Atmosphere, Clouds, Climate, Ice, Crystals, SHARK, Microfluidics, Separation
National Category
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
Research subject
SWEDARCTIC 2018, Arctic Ocean 2018
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:polar:diva-8869Local ID: uk.bl.ethos.842681OAI: oai:DiVA.org:polar-8869DiVA, id: diva2:1629547
Available from: 2022-01-18 Created: 2022-01-18 Last updated: 2022-01-18Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
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  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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