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Contrasting responses of major and minor volatile compounds to warming and gall-infestation in the Arctic willow Salix myrsinites
Ansvarlig organisasjon
2021 (engelsk)Inngår i: Science of the Total Environment, ISSN 0048-9697, E-ISSN 1879-1026, Vol. 793, artikkel-id 148516Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Climate change is altering high-latitude ecosystems in multiple facets, including increased insect herbivory pressure and enhanced emissions of volatile organic compounds (VOC) from vegetation. Yet, joint impacts of climatic drivers and insect herbivory on VOC emissions from the Arctic remain largely unknown. We examined how one-month warming by open-top plastic tents, yielding a 3–4 °C air temperature increase, and the natural presence of gall-forming eriophyoid mites, Aculus tetanothrix, individually and in combination, affect VOC emissions from whortle leaved willow, Salix myrsinites, at two elevations in an Arctic heath tundra of Abisko, Northern Sweden. We measured VOC emissions three times in the peak growing season (July) from intact and gall-infested branches using an enclosure technique and gas chromatography–mass spectrometry, and leaf chemical composition using near-infrared reflectance spectroscopy (NIRS). Isoprene accounted for 91% of the VOCs emitted by S. myrsinites. Isoprene emission rates tended to be higher at the high than low elevation during the measurement periods (42 μg g−1 DW h−1 vs. 23 μg g−1 DW h−1) even when temperature differences were accounted for. Experimental warming increased isoprene emissions by approximately 54%, but decreased emissions of some minor compound groups, such as green leaf volatiles (GLV) and (E)-4,8-dimethyl-1,3,7-nonatriene (DMNT). In contrast, gall-infestation did not affect isoprene emissions but stimulated emissions of DMNT, sesquiterpenes and GLVs, particularly under ambient conditions at the low elevation. The NIRS-based chemical composition of the leaves varied between the two elevations and was affected by warming and gall-infestation. Our study suggests that under elevated temperatures, S. myrsinites increases emissions of isoprene, a highly effective compound for protection against oxidative stress, while an infestation by A. tetanothrix mites induces emissions of herbivore enemy attractants like DMNT, sesquiterpenes and GLVs. Under both conditions, warming effects on isoprene remain but mite effects on DMNT, sesquiterpenes and GLVs diminish.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2021. Vol. 793, artikkel-id 148516
Emneord [en]
Climate change, Gall-forming herbivory, Plant–herbivore interactions, Tundra, Volatile organic compounds, Willow
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:polar:diva-8730DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.148516OAI: oai:DiVA.org:polar-8730DiVA, id: diva2:1581325
Tilgjengelig fra: 2021-07-20 Laget: 2021-07-20 Sist oppdatert: 2021-07-20bibliografisk kontrollert

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