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Metabolism overrides photo-oxidation in CO2 dynamics of Arctic permafrost streams
Umeå universitet, Institutionen för ekologi, miljö och geovetenskap.ORCID-id: 0000-0001-7853-2531
Umeå universitet, Institutionen för ekologi, miljö och geovetenskap.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-5758-2705
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2021 (Engelska)Ingår i: Limnology and Oceanography, ISSN 0024-3590, E-ISSN 1939-5590, Vol. 66, nr S1, s. S169-S181Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Global warming is enhancing the mobilization of organic carbon (C) from Arctic soils into streams, where it can be mineralized to CO2 and released to the atmosphere. Abiotic photo‐oxidation might drive C mineralization, but this process has not been quantitatively integrated with biological processes that also influence CO2 dynamics in aquatic ecosystems. We measured CO2 concentrations and the isotopic composition of dissolved inorganic C (δ13CDIC) at diel resolution in two Arctic streams, and coupled this with whole‐system metabolism estimates to assess the effect of biotic and abiotic processes on stream C dynamics. CO2 concentrations consistently decreased from night to day, a pattern counter to the hypothesis that photo‐oxidation is the dominant source of CO2. Instead, the observed decrease in CO2 during daytime was explained by photosynthetic rates, which were strongly correlated with diurnal changes in δ13CDIC values. However, on days when modeled photosynthetic rates were near zero, there was still a significant diel change in δ13CDIC values, suggesting that metabolic estimates are partly masked by O2 consumption from photo‐oxidation. Our results suggest that 6–12 mmol CO2‐C m−2 d−1 may be generated from photo‐oxidation, a range that corresponds well to previous laboratory measurements. Moreover, ecosystem respiration rates were 10 times greater than published photo‐oxidation rates for these Arctic streams, and accounted for 33–80% of total CO2 evasion. Our results suggest that metabolic activity is the dominant process for CO2 production in Arctic streams. Thus, future aquatic CO2 emissions may depend on how biotic processes respond to the ongoing environmental change.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
John Wiley & Sons , 2021. Vol. 66, nr S1, s. S169-S181
Nationell ämneskategori
Miljövetenskap Klimatforskning
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URN: urn:nbn:se:polar:diva-8552DOI: 10.1002/lno.11564ISI: 000551565700001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85088381437OAI: oai:DiVA.org:polar-8552DiVA, id: diva2:1518017
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Originally included in thesis in manuscript form with title: "Photosynthesis overrides photo-oxidation in CO2 dynamics of Arctic permafrost streams"

Tillgänglig från: 2021-07-21 Skapad: 2021-01-14 Senast uppdaterad: 2021-07-21Bibliografiskt granskad

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Förlagets fulltextScopushttps://aslopubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/lno.11564

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Av författaren/redaktören
Rocher-Ros, GerardSponseller, Ryan A.Giesler, Reiner
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Limnology and Oceanography
MiljövetenskapKlimatforskning

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