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The Variation of Resonating Magnetospheric Field Lines With Changing Geomagnetic and Solar Wind Conditions
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2019 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of Geophysical Research - Space Physics, ISSN 2169-9380, E-ISSN 2169-9402, Vol. 124, nr 7, s. 5353-5375Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Standing ultralow frequency waves redistribute energy and momentum around the Earth's magnetosphere. The eigenfrequencies of these standing waves can be measured by applying the cross-phase technique to ground magnetometer data. To make a detection, the flux tubes in the vicinity of the magnetometers must all be driven at their local eigenfrequencies by a source with a sufficient frequency width. Therefore, successful measurement of the local eigenfrequencies indicates that a broadband source is exciting the flux tubes. We have analyzed 10 years of magnetometer data with an automated cross-phase algorithm and used correlations with the OMNI data set to understand under what conditions broadband excitation occurs and how the conditions affect the eigenfrequency values. This is the largest such survey of its kind to date. We found that lower eigenfrequencies at higher latitudes (L>5) and higher eigenfrequencies at lower latitudes (L<4) were excited under different conditions. It was also possible to directly compare the first and third harmonics at midlatitudes. The lower eigenfrequencies were excited during more disturbed conditions, and we suggest that these harmonics are driven by solar wind pressure pulses or the Kelvin-Helmholtz instability at the magnetopause. The higher eigenfrequencies were excited when the magnetosphere was relatively quiet, and we suggest that the cause was waves generated upstream of the Earth's bow shock. The eigenfrequencies were observed to decrease in the middle magnetosphere during disturbed intervals. This is because the intensification of the ring current weakens the magnetic field. Variations in magnetic local time and latitude were also investigated.

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John Wiley & Sons, Ltd , 2019. Vol. 124, nr 7, s. 5353-5375
Nyckelord [en]
ULF waves, Harmonics, cross phase, Kelvin-Helmholtz instability, pressure pulses, ion-cyclotron mechanism
Nationell ämneskategori
Astronomi, astrofysik och kosmologi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:polar:diva-8384DOI: 10.1029/2019JA026848OAI: oai:DiVA.org:polar-8384DiVA, id: diva2:1395926
Tillgänglig från: 2020-02-24 Skapad: 2020-02-24 Senast uppdaterad: 2020-02-24Bibliografiskt granskad

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Förlagets fulltexthttps://doi.org/10.1029/2019JA026848
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Journal of Geophysical Research - Space Physics
Astronomi, astrofysik och kosmologi

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