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Nutrient stoichiometry in Pinguicula vulgaris: Nutrient availability, plant size, and reproductive status
Ansvarig organisation
2005 (Engelska)Ingår i: Ecology, ISSN 0012-9658, E-ISSN 1939-9170, Vol. 86, nr 4, s. 982-991Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Current understanding of the extent, causes for, and consequences of variation in nutrient composition in plants is limited. Important questions to be addressed include to what extent nutrients covary, how flexible nutrient ratios are within a population or species, how reproduction influences nutrient ratios, and how much the ratios of nutrients to mass and nutrients to each other change through ontogeny. This information is needed to assess the physiological and ecological consequences of plant nutrient composition and to what extent plants function as balanced systems in acquisition and allocation of resources. We studied the variation in nutrient stoichiometry (i.e., the ratio between contents of different nutrients within a plant) in relation to three factors: (1) environmental availability of nitrogen, (2) plant size, and (3) reproductive status. We investigated these questions in 11 populations of the carnivorous plant Pinguicula vulgaris in northern Scandinavia. Dry mass and N and P content were measured for reproductive and vegetative portions of flowering individuals and for winter buds corresponding to four reproductive states: control reproductive individuals, experimentally vegetative individuals (from which flower buds were removed), adult vegetative individuals, and individuals below the threshold size for reproduction. [N], [P], and to a lesser extent, N and P content were positively related to soil N, but not to prey capture. Nutrient stoichiometry was also size dependent; in general, small plants were relatively enriched in N and relatively depleted in P compared to larger plants. Reproductive status affected not only size, but also nutrient stoichiometry of the resulting winter bud. Winter buds derived from reproductive individuals had a higher [N] and lower [P] than those of the different types of nonreproductive individuals. Our findings indicate that studies of nutrient stoichiometry in plants must go beyond links between environmental and plant nutrient concentrations to consider internal processes such as growth and reproduction.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
ECOLOGICAL SOC AMER , 2005. Vol. 86, nr 4, s. 982-991
Nyckelord [en]
carnivorous plant; Pinguicula vulgaris; plant nutrient stoichiometry; plant size; reproductive status; Scandinavia; size dependence; soil nutrient availability
Nationell ämneskategori
Naturvetenskap
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:polar:diva-3658DOI: 10.1890/04-0354OAI: oai:DiVA.org:polar-3658DiVA, id: diva2:1103565
Tillgänglig från: 2017-05-30 Skapad: 2017-05-30 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-05-30

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