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Multiple ionospheric perturbations during the Saint Patrick’s Day storm 2015 in the European-African sector
Ansvarig organisation
2016 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of Geophysical Research - Space Physics, ISSN 2169-9380, E-ISSN 2169-9402, Vol. 121, nr 11, s. 11-333Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Strong ionospheric perturbations were generated by the intense geomagnetic storm on 17 March 2015. In this article, we are studying perturbations in the European-African sector observed in the total electron content (TEC). Focal points are wavelike phenomena considered as large-scale traveling ionospheric disturbances (LSTIDs). In the European-African sector, the storm produced three different types of LSTIDs: (1) a concurrent TEC perturbation at all latitudes simultaneously; (2) one LSTID propagating toward the equator, having very large wave parameters (wavelength: ≈3600 km, period: ≈120 min, and speed: ≈500 m/s); and (3) several LSTIDs propagating toward the equator with typical wave parameters (wavelength: ≈2100 km, period: ≈60 min, and speed ≈600 m/s). The third type of LSTIDs is considered to be exited as most LSTIDs either due to variations in the Joule heating or variations in the Lorentz force, whereas the first two perturbation types are rather unusual in their appearance. They occurred during the partial recovery phase when the geomagnetic perturbations were minor and the interplanetary magnetic field turned northward. A westward prompt penetration electric field is considered to excite the first perturbation signature, which indicates a sudden TEC depletion. For the second LSTID type, variations in the Lorentz force because of perturbed electric fields and a minor particle precipitation effect are extracted as possible excitation mechanisms.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2016. Vol. 121, nr 11, s. 11-333
Nyckelord [en]
Electric fields, Ionospheric storms, Wave propagation, Solar wind/magnetosphere interactions, Magnetic storms and substorms, ionosphere, storm, prompt penetration electric field, TID, TEC
Nationell ämneskategori
Naturvetenskap
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:polar:diva-3546DOI: 10.1002/2016JA023178OAI: oai:DiVA.org:polar-3546DiVA, id: diva2:1096856
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2016JA023178

Tillgänglig från: 2017-05-19 Skapad: 2017-05-19 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-05-19

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Förlagets fulltexthttp://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2016JA023178
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