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Tracing silicate weathering processes in the permafrost-dominated Lena River watershed using lithium isotopes
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Rekke forfattare: 9
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2019 (engelsk)Inngår i: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, ISSN 0016-7037, E-ISSN 1872-9533, Vol. 245, s. 154-171Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Increasing global temperatures are causing widespread changes in the Arctic, including permafrost thawing and altered freshwater inputs and trace metal and carbon fluxes into the ocean and atmosphere. Changes in the permafrost active layer thickness can affect subsurface water flow-paths and water-rock interaction times, and hence weathering processes. Riverine lithium isotope ratios (reported as delta Li-7) are tracers of silicate weathering that are unaffected by biological uptake, redox, carbonate weathering and primary lithology. Here we use Li isotopes to examine silicate weathering processes in one of the largest Russian Arctic rivers: the Lena River in eastern Siberia. The Lena River watershed is a large multi-lithological catchment, underlain by continuous permafrost. An extensive dataset of dissolved Li isotopic compositions of waters from the Lena River main channel, two main tributaries (the Aldan and Viliui Rivers) and a range of smaller sub-tributaries are presented from the post-spring flood/early-summer period at the onset of active layer development and enhanced water-rock interactions. The Lena River main channel (average delta Li-7(diss) similar to 19 parts per thousand) has a slightly lower isotopic composition than the mean global average of 23 parts per thousand (Huh et al., 1998a). The greatest range of [Li] and delta Li-7(diss) are observed in catchments draining the south-facing slopes of the Verkhoyansk Mountain Range. South-facing slopes in high-latitude, permafrost-dominated regions are typically characterised by increased summer insolation and higher daytime temperatures relative to other slope aspects. The increased solar radiation on south-facing catchments promotes repeated freeze-thaw cycles, and contributes to more rapid melting of snow cover, warmer soils, and increased active layer thaw depths. The greater variability in delta Li-7 and [Li] in the south-facing rivers likely reflect the greater infiltration of melt water and enhanced water-rock interactions within the active layer. A similar magnitude of isotopic fractionation is observed between the low-lying regions of the Central Siberian Plateau (and catchments draining into the Viliui River), and catchments draining the Verkhoyansk Mountain Range into the Aldan River. This is in contrast to global rivers in non-permafrost terrains that drain high elevations or areas of rapid uplift, where high degrees of physical erosion promote dissolution of freshly exposed primary rock typically yielding low delta Li-7(diss), and low-lying regions exhibit high riverine delta Li-7 values resulting from greater water-rock interaction and formation of secondary mineral that fractionates Li isotopes. Overall, the range of Li concentrations and delta 7Lidiss observed within the Lena River catchment are comparable to global rivers located in temperate and tropical regions. This suggests that cryogenic weathering features specific to permafrost regions (such as the continual exposure of fresh primary minerals due to seasonal freeze-thaw cycles, frost shattering and salt weathering), and climate (temperature and runoff), are not a dominant control on delta Li-7 variations. Despite vastly different climatic and weathering regimes, the same range of riverine delta Li-7 values globally suggests that the same processes govern Li geochemistry - that is, the balance between primary silicate mineral dissolution and the formation (or exchange with) secondary minerals. This has implications for the use of delta Li-7 as a palaeo-weathering tracer for interpreting changes in past weathering regimes.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2019. Vol. 245, s. 154-171
Emneord [en]
Arctic, Water-rock interactions, Freeze-thaw, Hydrological cycle, Carbon cycle
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:polar:diva-8297DOI: 10.1016/j.gca.2018.10.024ISI: 000453771600009OAI: oai:DiVA.org:polar-8297DiVA, id: diva2:1384593
Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-01-10 Laget: 2020-01-10

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