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CalcDeltaB: An efficient postprocessing tool to calculate ground-level magnetic perturbations from global magnetosphere simulations
Ansvarlig organisasjon
2014 (engelsk)Inngår i: Space Weather: The International Journal of Research and Application, E-ISSN 1542-7390, Vol. 12, nr 9, s. 553-565Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Ground magnetic field variations can induce electric currents on long conductor systems such as high-voltage power transmission systems. The extra electric currents can interfere with normal operation of these conductor systems; and thus, there is a great need for better specification and prediction of the field perturbations. In this publication we present CalcDeltaB, an efficient postprocessing tool to calculate magnetic perturbations ΔB at any position on the ground from snapshots of the current systems that are being produced by first-principle models of the global magnetosphere-ionosphere system. This tool was developed during the recent “dB/dt” modeling challenge at the Community Coordinated Modeling Center that compared magnetic perturbations and their derivative with observational results. The calculation tool is separate from each of the magnetosphere models and ensures that the ΔB computation method is uniformly applied, and that validation studies using ΔB compare the performance of the models rather than the combination of each model and a built-in ΔB computation tool that may exist. Using the tool, magnetic perturbations on the ground are calculated from currents in the magnetosphere, from field-aligned currents between magnetosphere and ionosphere, and the Hall and Pedersen currents in the ionosphere. The results of the new postprocessing tool are compared with ΔB calculations within the Space Weather Modeling Framework model and are in excellent agreement. We find that a radial resolution of 1/30RE is fine enough to represent the contribution to ΔB from the region of field-aligned currents.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2014. Vol. 12, nr 9, s. 553-565
Emneord [en]
Instruments and techniques, Numerical modeling, Field-aligned currents and current systems, Magnetic storms and substorms, numerical simulation, magnetic perturbations, real-time processing
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:polar:diva-4144DOI: 10.1002/2014SW001083OAI: oai:DiVA.org:polar-4144DiVA, id: diva2:1170870
Tilgjengelig fra: 2018-01-04 Laget: 2018-01-04 Sist oppdatert: 2023-06-30

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