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The Sensitivity of the Arctic Ocean Sea Ice Thickness and Its Dependence on the Surface Albedo Parameterization
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2013 (engelsk)Inngår i: Journal of Climate, ISSN 0894-8755, E-ISSN 1520-0442, Vol. 26, nr 4, s. 1355-1370Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

In this study, the response of sea ice thickness to changes in the external forcing is investigated and particularly how this response depends on the surface albedo formulation by means of a one-dimensional coupled ocean-ice-atmosphere model. The main focus is on the thickness response to the atmospheric heat advection F-wall, solar radiation F-SW, and amount of snow precipitation S-prec. Different albedo parameterization schemes [ECHAM5, CSIRO, and Community Climate System Model, version 3 (CCSM3)] representing albedos commonly used in global climate models are compared together with more simplified schemes. Using different albedo schemes with the same external forcing produces large differences in ice thickness. The ice thickness response is similar for all realistic albedo schemes with a nearly linear decrease with increasing F-wall in the perennial ice regime and with a steplike transition into seasonal ice when F-wall exceeds a certain threshold. This transition occurs at an annual-mean ice thickness of 1.7-2.0 m. Latitudinal differences in solar insolation generally leads to increasing ice thickness toward the North Pole. The snow response varies significantly depending on which albedo scheme is used. The ECHAM5 scheme yields thinner ice with S-prec, the CSIRO scheme gives ice thickness nearly independent of S-prec, and with the CCSM3 scheme the ice thickness decreases with S-prec. A general result is that the modeled ice cover is rather sensitive to positive perturbations of the external heat supply when it is close to the transition such that just a small increase of, for example, F-wall can force the ice cover into the seasonal regime.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2013. Vol. 26, nr 4, s. 1355-1370
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Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:polar:diva-3276DOI: 10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00085.1OAI: oai:DiVA.org:polar-3276DiVA, id: diva2:1052858
Tilgjengelig fra: 2016-12-07 Laget: 2016-12-07 Sist oppdatert: 2017-11-29

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